Template metafunctions to generate pybind11 bindings

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5 weeks ago

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I am trying to create python bindings for some C++ functions using pybind11. The functions are templated but in the python bindings, I need one of the template parameter to be a function argument. Currently the way I have it is a lot of repetition for each template parameter.

enum MyEnum {E1, E2, E3};

template<typename T, MyEnum E>
returnType templFunction(int arg){
    <function body>
}

PYBIND11_MODULE(moduleName, m){
    m.def("pyFunction1", [](int arg, MyEnum e){
            switch(e){
                case MyEnum::E1: return templFunction<templParam1, E1>(arg);
                case MyEnum::E2: return templFunction<templParam1, E2>(arg);
                case MyEnum::E3: return templFunction<templParam1, E3>(arg);
                default: throw std::invalid_argument("Unknown enum type ...");
                }
        });

    m.def("pyFunction2", [](int arg, MyEnum e){
            switch(e){
                case MyEnum::E1: return templFunction<templParam2, E1>(arg);
                case MyEnum::E2: return templFunction<templParam2, E2>(arg);
                case MyEnum::E3: return templFunction<templParam2, E3>(arg);
                default: throw std::invalid_argument("Unknown enum type ...");
                }
        });

    // for template type temlParam3, only E1 and E2 are valid enums
    m.def("pyFunction3", [](int arg, MyEnum e){
            switch(e){
                case MyEnum::E1: return templFunction<templParam3, E1>(arg);
                case MyEnum::E2: return templFunction<templParam3, E2>(arg);
                default: throw std::invalid_argument("Unknown enum type ...");
                }
        });

    // more specializations like above

    };

Is there a good way to maybe make a higher order function so I don't need to have so much repeated code?

I also have other functions with similar signatures and template parameters. So ideally I would like to pass a function handle (or function name) and one of the template parameters to a "meta-function" that can generate specializations based on enum and the given template parameters.

Note: I have a static attribute on each of the template types (templParam1, templateParam2, ...) which determine the allowed enum types for that template parameter. For e.g. templParam1::allowedEnumTypes = std::vector<myEnum> { E1, E2, E3 };

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